THE FOOD WE EAT

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  We need food to grow.
The food we eat comes from animals and plants.
Plants have different parts – seeds, roots, stems, leaves and flowers.
We use seeds to plant new trees and flowers.
We put them in the soil and water them.
They need sun to grow strong!
Roots are the part of the plant that grows under the ground in the soil.
Stems help the plant to stand up.
The food we eat comes from different parts of the plants.

  Carrots and radishes are root vegetables.
They grow under the soil.
We use sweet corn seeds to make popcorn!
Broccoli leaves are very good for our health.
Trees give us fruit.
Fruits like apples, pears and oranges make you strong!
You can eat them every day!

  Some of our food come from animals.
They give us eggs, meat and milk!
Eggs come from hens.
Milk comes from cows, goats and sheep.
We use milk to make ice cream, butter and cheese!
There is milk in the yogurt which we have for snack.

 

 

Useful tips!

  • Talk about different kinds of food.

  • Try to explain the difference between healthy and unhealthy foods.


   pencil    Click the “Go to Worksheet” link!

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INDIA

   India is a Federal Republic in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world and the second most populous country after China.

   Its capital city is New Delhi but the biggest and most important center is Mumbai. India is famous for its spicy food and colourful clothing.

  Women traditionally wear the sari,  loose pants and long tunics. Men wear long cotton shirts which are as detailed and colourful as women’s clothes.

   When it comes to eating habits, Indians often eat their food using their fingers. However, there are some rules they respect as for example, they always eat with their right hand and never touch their mouth with their fingers. Very often Indians use the typical flatbread to scoop rice and vegetables. When meat is served they make sure that it has already been precut. India is a country rich of colours, spices and aromas. Its food is accompanied by curry, coriander or cumin. These are essential ingredients of the traditional Indian cuisine. People in this country eat predominantly meals based on chickpeas, rice and vegetables. The Indian religion of hinduism considers cows sacred animals and as a result beef consumption is limited.

   Speaking of religion we must say that although the two main religions are Hinduism and Muslim, Buddhism comes next and plays an important role in the Indian culture.

   Traditional Indian dances  tell stories with religious background.  What makes them so particular is the use of facial expressions, hand and eye movements. 

   India is also famous for the finest type of cashmere wool called Pashmina which is woven in the region of Kashmir. Every woman longs to have a pashmina shawl!

   India is also famous for its numerous festivals. One of them is called Diwali and is celebrated in autumn. It is a very bright Hindu celebration of light. Diwali lasts 5 days and people light millions of candles decorating their doorsteps, windows and housetops. The shining light represents the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

  India is the home of the marvelous white marble mausoleum called Taj Mahal. It is situated in the city of Agra and represents the eternal love between the emperor Shah Jahan and his favourite wife. Taj Mahal is considered one of the most beautiful architectural achievements and one of the most important Indian landmarks. 

GALLERY

GLOSSARY

sari – a long piece of cloth wrapped around the body  worn by women in Asia

cuisine – a style or method of cooking

to long – have a strong desire

shawl – a piece of fabric worn over the shoulders

MIDDLE AGES FOOD

  During the Middle Ages, roughly dating from 5th to the 15th century, European meals were very simple. In the beginning they were primarily based on cereals such as barley, oat and wheat and later on rice when it was finally introduced to the continent. The types of food people could access depended strongly on which social class they belonged to. The poor ate mostly barley, which was often accompanied by vegetables. Remember that potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, beans and corn came to Europe when the Americas were discovered!

  Until then people satisfied their hunger with what they could grow in their gardens. Of course, they had meat too. However, farming animals cost more because the livestock required more territory called pasture lands. The kind of meat they produced was mostly pork, chicken and beef. Some of the population in the North (like Scandinavia) had more fish in their daily meals.

  When it comes to sweets and desserts, people preferred fresh fruit covered in sugar, aged cheese, honey and later biscuits and wafers.

  The upper class required more sweet and sour foods and, since the Crusades had begun and contact with the East and Asia had been made, some spices and seasoning were brought to the attention of the Europeans. For example, vinegar, black peppers, ginger, sugar and even almonds.

  Of course, these were products which only the upper class could afford to serve on their tables. They enjoyed coffee and tea as well.

  In a word the meals became delicious and sophisticated for some people. The nobles used to have long, lavish meals whereas the lower class diet didn’t changes so much even when the new ingredients were available on the continent.

  It took some time before everyone could enjoy them too.

  Lower class basically kept eating barley, carrots, onion, cabbage, garlic and apples for dessert.

  Eating goes hand in hand with drinking! And, what did the Middle Ages people drink?

  Of course, water, in the early Middle Ages and maybe some milk and juice. However, in late Middle Ages the simple diet started changing and some alcoholic beverages like beer, wine and brandy were more consumed.

  One can see how much our diet has changed throughout the years! Today we consider ourselves lucky because we could always go to the supermarket and enjoy our favourite food! All kinds of imported products are available on the market. It makes it difficult for us to choose what we want for dinner! It is hard to believe that only about 500 years later, we have what we want and when we want it to satisfy our appetite!

GALLERY

GLOSSARY

pasture lands – fields covered with grass for grazing by farm animals

lavish – abundant, extravagant 

livestock – domestic animals such as cows, hourses, etc.