INDIA

   India is a Federal Republic in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world and the second most populous country after China.

   Its capital city is New Delhi but the biggest and most important center is Mumbai. India is famous for its spicy food and colourful clothing.

  Women traditionally wear the sari,  loose pants and long tunics. Men wear long cotton shirts which are as detailed and colourful as women’s clothes.

   When it comes to eating habits, Indians often eat their food using their fingers. However, there are some rules they respect as for example, they always eat with their right hand and never touch their mouth with their fingers. Very often Indians use the typical flatbread to scoop rice and vegetables. When meat is served they make sure that it has already been precut. India is a country rich of colours, spices and aromas. Its food is accompanied by curry, coriander or cumin. These are essential ingredients of the traditional Indian cuisine. People in this country eat predominantly meals based on chickpeas, rice and vegetables. The Indian religion of hinduism considers cows sacred animals and as a result beef consumption is limited.

   Speaking of religion we must say that although the two main religions are Hinduism and Muslim, Buddhism comes next and plays an important role in the Indian culture.

   Traditional Indian dances  tell stories with religious background.  What makes them so particular is the use of facial expressions, hand and eye movements. 

   India is also famous for the finest type of cashmere wool called Pashmina which is woven in the region of Kashmir. Every woman longs to have a pashmina shawl!

   India is also famous for its numerous festivals. One of them is called Diwali and is celebrated in autumn. It is a very bright Hindu celebration of light. Diwali lasts 5 days and people light millions of candles decorating their doorsteps, windows and housetops. The shining light represents the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

  India is the home of the marvelous white marble mausoleum called Taj Mahal. It is situated in the city of Agra and represents the eternal love between the emperor Shah Jahan and his favourite wife. Taj Mahal is considered one of the most beautiful architectural achievements and one of the most important Indian landmarks. 

GALLERY

GLOSSARY

sari – a long piece of cloth wrapped around the body  worn by women in Asia

cuisine – a style or method of cooking

to long – have a strong desire

shawl – a piece of fabric worn over the shoulders

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